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Dubai is located on the Persian Gulf, to the northeast of the United Arab Emirates. Dubai is the second largest emirate with an urban area of 3885 sq.km. and the city is roughly 35 sq.km. in size. However it is poised to expand to twice this size with the addition of the man-made islands; the Waterfront, the three Palms, the World, the Universe, Dubailand, as well as many other construction projects underway in the desert.
One of the most fascinating geographical aspects of Dubai, is the Dubai Creek, which divides the city into two regions- Deira and Bur Dubai. Dubai Creek is a natural 15.2km inlet from the Persian Gulf, around which the city’s trade developed. The region north of the Creek is called Deira, and Bur Dubai refers to the south where a lot of the coastal tourist and residential developments of Jumeirah lie.
Dubai shares its borders with Abu Dhabi in the south, Sharjah in the northeast and the Sultanate of Oman in the southeast. Due to the city’s unique geographical location it enjoys a strategic position which allows it to connect to all local Gulf States, as well as to East Africa and South Asia.
The line of the Tropic of Cancer crosses through the UAE, making the weather in Dubai hot and sunny. In the winter the Emirate has an average daytime temperature of 25°C (77°F), 12-15°C (53-59°F) near the coast and 5°C (41°F) in the desert and mountains. Nights are relatively cooler and areas near the coasts experience an average of 50%-60% humidity.
In the summer, the weather in Dubai is very hot and humid, with temperatures touching mid 40’s. Even the temperature of the sea can reach 37°C (99°F), with humidity averaging over 90%. Rainfall in Dubai is infrequent and does not last for more than a few days. It mostly rains during the winter, with short gushes and the occasional thunderstorm. On average, Dubai experiences only five days of rainfall a year.
Dubai's population is 3.33 million as of Sept.2019, with three-quarters of the population being male. The city of Dubai is a multicultural society; with only 5% of local Emiratis, the rest are expatriates from all over the world. The expatriate population comprises of mostly Asians, particularly Indians and other nationalities from various neighbouring Arabic countries. There is also a significant number of Iranians, who came in droves after the Islamic revolution in 1979 when the more wealthy and educated Iranians settled in Dubai. Furthermore, because of the high demand of workers primarily in the tourism sector, you'll find many people from the Philippines, China, Indonesia and Malaysia who have become residents in the city.
Dubai’s population has been growing by around 5.64% a year and the city has a population density is 408.18 per sq. km.